MTI Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results

Business and technical advances support commercialization plans

ALBANY, N.Y.– Mechanical Technology, Incorporated (“MTI”) (NASDAQ: MKTY), a company primarily engaged in the development and commercialization of Mobion(R) off-the-grid portable power solutions through its subsidiary MTI MicroFuel Cells Inc. (“MTI Micro”) and in the design, manufacture, and sale of test and measurement instruments and systems through its subsidiary MTI Instruments, Inc. (“MTI Instruments”), today announced its financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2008.

“This quarter, MTI Micro continues to make progress toward Mobion manufacturing readiness, signed agreements with new customers, demonstrated significant advancements in our technology, and filed our 100th patent application – these important developments move us closer to achieving commercialization plan in the later part of next year,” said Peng K. Lim, Chairman and CEO of MTI. “At MTI Instruments, despite the slow down of the worldwide economy, we continue working on new product innovations and focusing our marketing efforts to position the business for a sales rebound when economic conditions improve.”

Recent Developments

— September 30, 2008 – MTI announced that Rodney A. Tillinghast,
Corporate Controller and Director of Financial Reporting for
MTI, was named Interim Chief Financial Officer and Secretary of
the Board of Directors, effective September 26, 2008.
— September 18, 2008 – MTI Micro announced that its third
generation Mobion(R) Chip improved power performance by
approximately 25% as compared to the previous generation
unveiled during June 2007. In laboratory testing, the Mobion(R)
Chip demonstrated power of over 62 mW/cm2 while producing more
than 1,800 Watt Hours per Kilogram (Wh/kg) of energy from the
direct methanol fuel feed. In addition to the ongoing power
performance improvements, the third generation Mobion(R) Chip
was approximately 25% smaller than the prior generation was in
June 2007 and over 50% smaller than the initial generation was
at the beginning of 2007.
— August 26, 2008 – MTI announced that it had applied to transfer
its common stock listing from the Nasdaq Global Market to the
Nasdaq Capital Market. The application for transfer into the
Nasdaq Capital Market was accepted on September 3, 2008 and the
transfer became effective September 5, 2008.
— July 11, 2008 – MTI Micro announced that it achieved 2,700
hours of continuous operation with a Mobion(R) laboratory cell
— the building block of the Mobion(R) Chip and systems. In
addition to the 2,700 hours of continuous run-time, MTI Micro’s
Mobion(R) test successfully demonstrated a significant
achievement by showing power degradation of less than 15%.
— July 9, 2008 – MTI Micro and NeoSolar, a Korean manufacturer of
portable digital devices and energy products, announced that
they entered into an agreement for the development of Mobion(R)
fuel cell technology for use in future models of NeoSolar
portable digital devices, including ultra mobile portable
computers. Both MTI Micro and NeoSolar are working together to
develop, test, and evaluate Mobion(R) prototypes for their
integration with a number of NeoSolar products, which could
lead to the use of external Mobion(R) power sources, like
chargers, snap-on attachments, and embedded Mobion(R) power
sources, for integration into various digital products.

Third Quarter Financial Results

Revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 decreased in comparison to the same period in 2007 by $1.1 million, or 17.4%, to $5.1 million. The revenue decrease was chiefly attributable to a $1.2 million decrease in general dimensional gauging sales, driven by significantly lower sales to a Japanese OEM. This decline was partially offset by an increase of $509,000 in semiconductor products due to sales expansion in international markets and the sale of a fully automated tool in the third quarter. Aviation sales declined by $396,000 between periods due to declining activity with the U.S. Air Force.

As a result of general global economic conditions, including weaker than expected demand in Japan for photolithography equipment, slower than expected dimensional gauging sales, reduced sales demand within the commercial aviation industry, and the deferral of certain orders under our existing U.S. Air Force contract, we estimate our test and measurement instrumentation business will experience an annual sales decrease of between 25% to 30% for 2008 compared to 2007.

Net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 was $10.5 million, or $(2.20) per diluted share, compared with a net loss of $8.1 million, or $(0.84) per diluted share for the same period in 2007. Net loss for the third quarter of 2008 compared to 2007 includes decreases in gross margins on product sales, decreases in funded R&D revenue, cost savings in R&D spending, increases in selling, general and administrative expenses, a decrease in gain on derivatives, gains on the sale of securities available for sale, and a decrease in the income effects of minority interest stockholders.

Cash flows: For the nine months ended September 30, 2008, cash used in operations decreased by 20.6% to $8.5 million compared to $10.8 million in 2007, while cash used for capital expenditures decreased to $190,000 from $281,000 in 2007.

At present, MTI does not expect to advance future resources to fund MTI Micro, and MTI Micro will instead seek external financing to fund its research operations. Excluding any funding necessary to support MTI Micro’s operations, MTI current expects that its current cash, marketable securities, and the future results of operations from MTI Instruments are expected to provide sufficient liquidity for MTI through at least December 2009. During September 2008, MTI Micro closed on $1.5 million of funding from external investors in the form of secured convertible notes.

See the attached financial highlights for the Company’s third quarter ended September 30, 2008.

About MTI

MTI is primarily engaged in the development and commercialization of Mobion(R) off-the-grid portable power solutions through its subsidiary MTI MicroFuel Cells Inc. (“MTI Micro”). MTI Micro has a team of entrepreneurial business executives, researchers and scientists; a proprietary direct methanol micro fuel cell power system and a number of system prototypes demonstrating size reductions and performance improvements; and related intellectual property. MTI Micro has received government funding and developed strategic partnerships to facilitate efforts to achieve commercialization. MTI is also engaged in the design, manufacture, and sale of test and measurement instruments and systems through its subsidiary MTI Instruments, Inc. For more information about the Company, please visit

(Financial Table Attached)

Statements in this press release which are not historical fact, including statements regarding management’s intentions, hopes, goals, beliefs, expectations, projections, plans, anticipation, outlook or predictions of the future, are forward looking statements. Such statements include, among others, MTI’s need to raise additional funding; MTI’s history of recurring net losses and the risk of continued net losses; MTI’s independent auditors raising substantial concern about its ability to continue as a going concern; the dependence of MTI Instruments on a small number of customers and potential loss of government funding; risks related to developing Mobion(R) direct methanol fuel cells and whether MTI Micro will ever successfully develop reliable and commercially viable Mobion(R) fuel cell solutions; MTI Micro’s plans under development agreements with its Korean partner, NeoSolar, and the global Japanese consumer electronics company; MTI’s, MTI Micro’s and MTI Instruments’ future business prospects, technology and performance; the market potential for MTI Micro’s Mobion(R) fuel cells; MTI’s ownership position in MTI Micro may be reduced as a result of plans to seek external financing for MTI Micro’s operations; the significance of any contracts or grants that MTI Micro received or may receive including future funding from the DOE; the importance of and benefits from a developmental pilot production line; the ability of MTI Micro or its business representatives to develop key relationships with OEM decision makers, foster business development, or sell and support fuel cell systems to customers; the importance of any demonstrations of Mobion(R) powered sensors and the evaluation of and potential submission of proposals for military programs; MTI Micro’s and MTI Instruments’ ability to meet their respective stated milestones on time, if at all; and MTI’s, MTI Micro’s and MTI Instruments’ ability to increase or maintain sales in commercial, military and other governmental markets. All forward-looking statements are made as of today, and MTI disclaims any duty to update such statements. It is important to note that MTI’s actual results could differ materially from those projected in forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause the anticipated results not to occur include, among others, risks related to financing; uncertainties in development, manufacturing, competition and consumer demand for Mobion(R) power sources; Duracell’s ability to terminate its agreements with MTI Micro prior to commercialization of Mobion(R) power sources; and the risk factors listed from time to time in the Company’s SEC reports, including, but not limited to, its Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.

Financial Highlights

Balance Sheet Data:

(Dollars in Thousands)

December 31, September 30,

2007 2008

(Audited) (Unaudited)


Current Assets:

Cash and cash equivalents $7,650 $3,350

Securities available for sale 4,492 98

Accounts receivable, net 1,369 715

Inventories, net 1,373 1,586

Prepaid expenses and other current assets 329 416

Total Current Assets 15,213 6,165

Long Term Assets:

Property, plant and equipment, net 2,159 1,718

Deferred income taxes 1,344 2

Total Assets $18,716 $7,885

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

Current Liabilities:

Accounts payable $ 273 $ 853

Accrued liabilities 2,121 2,085

Deferred revenue 117 —

Convertible notes payable – related party — 1,500

Income taxes payable 11 17

Deferred income taxes 1,344 2

Total Current Liabilities 3,866 4,457

Long-Term Liabilities:

Uncertain tax position liability 208 213

Derivative liability 696 95

Total Liabilities 4,770 4,765

Minority interests 143 11

Stockholders’ Equity 13,803 3,109

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity $18,716 $7,885

Financial Highlights

Statements of Operations Data:

(Dollars in Thousands, Except per Share

Three months ended Sept. Nine months ended Sept. 30,

2007 2008 2007 2008

(Unaudited) (Unaudited) (Unaudited) (Unaudited)


Product $ 2,196 $ 1,400 $ 6,172 $ 5,100

research and 357 399 1,325 881

Total revenue 2,553 1,799 7,497 5,981

costs and

Cost of
product 848 835 2,402 2,501

Research and

research and 691 819 1,419 1,809

research and 1,986 1,127 7,752 5,281

Total research
and product 2,677 1,946 9,171 7,090

general and 1,716 2,346 6,612 7,017

Operating loss (2,688 ) (3,328 ) (10,688 ) (10,627 )

Gain (loss) on 363 (65 ) 2,089 601

Gain on sale
of securities 417 405 417 1,087
available for

(expense) (1 ) (16 ) 231 23
income, net

Loss before
income taxes (1,909 ) (3,004 ) (7,951 ) (8,916 )
and minority

Income tax
(expense) (688 ) (1,058 ) (715 ) (1,820 )

interests in
losses of 116 46 542 255

Net loss $(2,481 ) $(4,016 ) $(8,124 ) $(10,481 )

Loss per share
(Basic and

Loss per share $(0.52 ) $(0.84 ) $(1.71 ) $(2.20 )

Financial Highlights

Statements of Cash Flows Data:

(Dollars in Thousands)

Nine Months Ended

Sept. 30, Sept. 30,

2007 2008

(Unaudited) (Unaudited)

Net cash used by operating activities $ (10,760 ) $ (8,542 )

Purchases of property, plant and equipment (281 ) (190 )

Net cash (used) provided by investing 859 2,742

Net cash provided by financing activities 60 1,499

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents (9,841 ) (4,300 )

Cash and cash equivalents – beginning of 14,545 7,650

Cash and cash equivalents – end of period 4,704 3,350

As of

December 31, Sept. 30,
Other Information:
2007 2008

Plug Power shares held 1,137,166 99,050

Source: Mechanical Technology, Incorporated
Released November 14, 2008

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